Population - Vital statistics - Births

NOTES ON METHODOLOGY

 

Data source

Data on births are based on the systematic collection of information entered into the state registries of births.

 

Observation units

The data are collected currently on each birth.

 

Coverage and comparability

To international recommendations (UN, Eurostat) data on births have been collected and processed in line with the definition of the usual residence.

 

Definitions and explanations

Definitions applied in vital statistics are based on recommendations of the UN, Eurostat, WHO and positive regulations of the Republic of Croatia.

 

A live-born child (live birth) is every child who exhibits signs of life at birth, such as breathing, beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord or definite movements of voluntary muscles. If a child dies soon after birth, it is first registered as a live-bornand then as a dead infant.

 

Data by age are expressed by completed years of age.

 

In establishing a birth order of a child, all children are taken into account (both live births and stillbirths).

 

Educational attainment is considered the highest level of completed education. It should be irrelevant if this school was a regular school, an equivalent substitute school (e.g. school for education of adults) or completed by passing the necessary exams in a regular school or completing a course of abridged education within regular schooling (e.g. an abridged course for basic education).

 

The modality “without schooling and 1 3 grades of basic school“ refers to persons who did not attend school, still do not attend school (pre-school children), pupils who completed these grades and pupils who attend second, third or fourth grade of a basic school.

 

The modality “4 7 grades of basic school” refers to all persons who completed these grades and to pupils who attend 5th – 8th grade of a basic school.

 

The modality “basic school” refers to persons who completed a basic (eight-grade) school, former eight-grade or seven-grade school, former junior grammar school, that is, lower grades of a grammar school, former civic school as well as other similar schools providing a junior-level certificate.

 

The modality “industrial and vocational school, occupational school lasting 1 3 years” refers to persons who have finished a commercial school, a school with training, an industrial or vocational school or any other educational equivalent with a programme lasting less than four years, an artisan school and other, similar schools.

 

The modality “technical and related vocational school, occupational school lasting 4 years or longer” refers to persons who have finished a technical or a similar school (for example, a school of economy, school of medicine, art school and the like) and former dedicated education programmes lasting four years or longer.

 

The modality “grammar school” refers to persons who have finished a grammar school, regardless of the type, including religious ones.

 

The modality “school of professional higher education, undergraduate study, professional study lasting less than 3 years” refers to persons who have finished a professional study or the former undergraduate study lasting two to three years, a school of professional higher education, an institution of higher education, a polytechnics or a faculty (earlier also pedagogical and art academies).

 

The modality “undergraduate professional study lasting 3 years or longer” refers to persons who whave finished a professional study at an institution of higher education, polytechnics or a faculty lasting three to four years.

 

The modality “specialist graduate professional study” refers to persons who have finished a specialist graduate professional study at an institution of higher education, polytechnics or a faculty lasting one to two years, which grants a professional title of a professional specialist, with an indicated field of profession or a specific part of it.

 

The modality “undergraduate university study” refers to persons who have finished an undergraduate university study lasting three to four years at a faculty, art academy or institution of higher education, which grants an academic title of a university baccalaureus/a with an indicated field of profession (for example, university baccalaureus/a of archeology, university baccalaureus/a of economy, university baccalaureus/a engineer of geodesy and the like).

 

The modality “faculty, art academy, university study, graduate university study and integrated undergraduate and graduate university study” refers to persons who have finished a university or art study (former seventh degree of study) at a faculty, art academy or institution of higher education lasting four years or longer according to the old programme or a graduate university study or an integrated undergraduate and graduate university study lasting five years or longer according to the Bologna programme, which grants the academic title of a Master with an indicated field of profession, for example a master of law, master of economy, master engineer of geodesy,while finishing the graduate university study of medicine, dental medicine or a veterinary study grants the academic title of a doctor with an indicated field of profession.

 

The modality “postgraduate specialist study” refers to persons who have finished a university postgraduate specialist study lasting one to two years which grants the academic title of a university specialist with an indicated field of profession or a specific part of it, for example, university specialist of financial analysis, university specialist of social politics. Finishing this type of study in medicine, dental medicine or a veterinary study, a person is granted the academic title of a university master with an indicated field of profession or a part of it.

 

The modality “master's level scientific, professional and art study” refers to persons who have finished a postgraduate study and were granted the title of a master.

 

The modality “doctorate” refers to persons who have defended their doctoral dissertation and were thereby granted the academic title of a doctor of science or a doctor of art.

 

The following categories of persons are considered active: persons who work for their living (in paid employment or self-employed on a private or family farm, in crafts and trades orother shops, at home, etc.), persons who are looking for their first or new employment and persons who interrupted their employment due to serving a sentence or detention measures,correctional measures, etc.

 

Persons with personal income are retired persons of all categories, beneficiaries of social welfare or persons who get their income from leasing land, houses, shops, workshops or other property.

 

Dependants are persons who do not possess their own income and are supported by parents, spouses, relatives, state institutions, etc.

 

Territorial constitution

The data are presented by the territorial constitution according to the Act on the Territories of Counties, Cities and Municipalities in the Republic of Croatia (NN, No. 86/06) with the situation as on the end of the referent year.

 

ABBREVIATIONS

Eurostat      Statistical Office of the European Communities

NN               Narodne novine, official gazette of the Republic of Croatia

UN               United Nations

WHO           World Health Organisation

 

SYMBOLS

-                  no occurrence