Peer Review 2015
CBS and other producers of official
statistics took part in a series of assessments, the objective of which is
to evaluate the extent to which National Statistical Institutes (NSIs) and
the European Statistical System (ESS)1 comply with the European statistics
Code of Practice (CoP).
The CoP, which sets out a common quality framework for the ESS, was first
adopted in 2005 by the Statistical Programme Committee and updated in 2011
by its successor, the European Statistical System Committee. The CoP — 15
principles and related indicators of good practice — covers the
institutional environment, the statistical production process and the output
of European statistics. The ESS is committed to fully complying with the CoP
and is working towards its full implementation. Periodic assessments review
progress towards reaching this goal.
The first global assessment, a round of peer reviews in 2006–2008, explored
how the NSIs and Eurostat were progressing in implementing the parts of the
CoP relating to the institutional environment and dissemination of
statistics (principles 1–6 and 15). This resulted in reports for each NSI
and Eurostat, available on the Eurostat website2. These reports also
include a set of improvement actions covering all the principles of the CoP;
these informed the annual monitoring of the implementation of the CoP in the
ESS in the period 2009-2013.
The scope of this second round of peer reviews is broader: the assessment of
CoP compliance covers all principles; the CoP compliance of selected other
national producers of European statistics (as well as the NSI) in each
country is assessed; and the way in which statistical authorities coordinate
the production and dissemination of European statistics within their
statistical systems is explored.
It should be underlined that there is a fundamental difference between the
reports in the previous round of peer reviews conducted in 2006-2008 and the
reports from this round. In the 2006-2008 round compliance with principles 1
to 6 and 15 of the CoP was assessed by means of a four-level scale (fully
met; largely met; partly met and not met) and improvement actions were
agreed on all 15 principles. After five years of continuous development most
of the improvement actions have been implemented and significant progress
towards full compliance with the CoP has been made. Therefore, rather than
stating the state of play for all principles of the CoP, the reports from
the 2013-2015 round mainly focus on issues where full compliance with the
CoP has not been found or further improvements are recommended by the Peer
In order to gain an independent view, the peer review exercise has been
externalised and an audit-like approach, where all the answers to the
self-assessment questionnaires have to be supported by evidence, has been
applied. As in 2006-2008, all EU Member States, the EFTA/EEA countries and
Eurostat are subject to a peer review.
Each peer review in the Member States and EFTA/EEA countries is conducted by
three reviewers and has four phases: completion of self-assessment
questionnaires by a country; their assessment by Peer Reviewers; a peer
review visit; and the preparation of reports on the outcomes. The peer
review of Eurostat has been conducted by the European Statistical Governance
Advisory Board (ESGAB).
To test and complete the methodology, it was piloted in two countries,
Iceland and Slovakia, over the summer of 2013.
The peer review was carried out by examining the submitted documentation and
a visit to Zagreb on 11-15 May 2015. (Peer Review Croatia 2015,
This report focuses on compliance with the CoP and the coordination of
European statistics within the Croatian statistical system. The report
highlights some of the strengths of the Croatian Bureau of Statistics in
these contexts and contains recommendations for improvement. Improvement
actions developed by the Croatian Bureau of Statistics (CBS) on the basis of
this report will be published within the four-week period starting when the
final report is sent to the NSI.
Progress report 2017
Peer Review Croatia 2015
- The ESS is the partnership between the Union statistical authority, which is the
Commission (Eurostat), the national statistical institutes (NSIs) and other
national authorities responsible in each Member State for the development,
production and dissemination of European statistics. This Partnership also
includes the EFTA /EEA countries.